tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:/posts Belovski 2015-03-25T14:08:08Z Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/830173 2015-03-25T14:08:08Z 2015-03-25T14:08:08Z Belovski on What is Power? Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/824748 2015-03-15T12:07:55Z 2015-03-15T12:52:24Z Anti-Semitism and Jewish Europe Belovski Articles in Jewish Action

Spring 2015

Jewish Action, the Magazine of the Orthodox Union in the USA, commissioned this articles, which have just been published:

Rebbetzin Vicki Belovski (contributer) - Do Jews Have a Future in Europe?

Rabbi Dr Harvey Belovski - Anti-Semitism: The Longest Hatred

Some may recognise my piece from Kol Nidre 2014 and a recent guest drashah in Toronto.

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/820979 2015-03-12T18:51:12Z 2015-03-20T06:02:30Z A Flawed Partnership A Look at Partnership Services


Please scroll to the bottom of this article for an endorsement by the RCUS

‘Partnership’ services have existed in some places in Israel and the United States for a while, but have only recently appeared in the UK.  They offer orthodox liturgy and traditional seating – genders are separated by a partition – but differ in that women, as well as men, lead parts of the prayers and read from the Torah.

Identifying and implementing halakhically-viable alterations to existing practice demands courage.  The orthodox world is innately change-averse, although innovation and creativity are possible within certain boundaries.  Yet since observance is defined and regulated by Jewish law, substantive modifications are only possible if they withstand halakhic scrutiny and conform to meta-halakhic (guiding philosophical) principles: supported by broad consensus among acknowledged halakhic authorities for the originator's credentials and methodology, as well as positive peer-review of his or her arguments.

From a halakhic perspective, a ‘partnership’ service includes several distinct practice-modifications, each of which deserves separate evaluation.  This is unrealistic in a short article, so I will focus only on the central and emblematic issues – women reading from the Torah on behalf of a mixed gathering and receiving aliyyot - being called to the Torah to make a blessing.

Halakhic validity for this innovation is claimed by the prominent expert in Jewish practice and Bar Ilan talmud professor, Rabbi Daniel Sperber, lately chancellor of a non-affiliated Canadian rabbinical school.  Although a few authors have written in support of Sperber, none shares his reputation and none has offered a significant alternative argument.

The essence of Sperber's reasoning follows.  Some early sources (notably a view in the Talmud with RaN's 14th-century gloss) opine that women may be counted among the seven called to the Torah on Shabbat.  Although this is cited in the 16th-century Shulhan Arukh, it is not known to have been practised; indeed, in the same talmudic passage, the anonymous 'sages' disallow the practice because of ‘dignity of the community'.  Sperber acknowledges that this has defined normative conduct from time immemorial.  Yet he notes that today, women study Torah to a high level and are as involved as men in many areas of religious and public life. Applying 'dignity of the community' to exclude women from aliyyot causes considerable distress, and, as such, can be overridden by the demands of 'human dignity', something highly prized by Jewish law.

While pastorally, Sperber's argument is appealing, it is halakhically flawed.  An exhaustive and widely-cited critique of Sperber was published in 2013 by Rabbis Aryeh and Dov Frimer.  Among their comprehensive technical rebuttals, the authors discuss Sperber's confusion of aliyyot with the Torah reading itself and his misappropriation of the notion of 'human dignity.’  Sperber's approach also evinces methodological irregularities.  Halakhah works on a system of antecedents - rulings built on an existing corpus of law and rules for its application.  As with all legal systems, it includes a wide range of views: some have been incorporated into the body of law; others, for whatever reason, have been excluded from it by the halakhic process.  One cannot simply disregard centuries of process and re-integrate marginalised opinions as the basis for practical innovation.  This equates to claiming that a long-disused judgement in 15th-century English property law could be validated as the basis for contemporary practice.  Yet this is precisely what Sperber does.  In fact, his approach suggests the untenable stance that any action not explicitly proscribed by halakhic sources is permitted.  Such claims undermine the very system within which Sperber purports to operate.

Halakhah is a complex, multi-chromatic system, so doubtless both Sperber and his detractors could muster additional arguments for their respective positions.  However, this is effectively irrelevant, given the total lack of support for women's aliyyot in a mixed service from significant halakhic authorities of any stripe.  In fact, there is a rare consensus within the orthodox rabbinate against this innovation.  In the USA, the senior halakhic authorities of Yeshiva University categorically dismiss its credibility.  Speaking to his rabbinate (February 2014, re-iterated February 2015), Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis cited the Frimers' analysis in his unequivocal rejection of the halakhic validity of 'partnership' services.   In Israel, Rabbi Yehuda Herzl Henkin, a leading halakhist known for his sensitive and creative approach to contemporary women's issues, offers the most damning repudiation: 'women's aliyyot remain outside the consensus, and a congregation that institutes them is not Orthodox in name and will not long remain Orthodox in practice.'  As such, the practice lies beyond the parameters of halakhah, its implementation a new denominational reality; similar reasoning applies to women’s Torah reading in a mixed gathering.

For many, this will be a disappointing outcome and I remain acutely aware of the sense of disempowerment and frustration that some feel at the male-oriented leadership roles in orthodox services.  Notwithstanding these sensitivities, the cloak of authenticity provided by Professor Sperber's reputation and undeniable good intentions can only impede the genuine collaborative partnership required to generate halakhically-credible alternatives.  In a recent interview for the JC, Chief Rabbi Mirvis advocated developing Shul-based women’s prayer groups, something I consider a positive step, while acknowledging the need for other strategies.  But however we address this challenge, it is among the issues that will define the future of centrist orthodoxy.

A version of this article first appeared in the Jewish Chronicle


Talmud Bavli Megillah 23a

תנו רבנן: הכל עולין למנין שבעה, ואפילו קטן ואפילו אשה

אבל אמרו חכמים: אשה לא תקרא בתורה, מפני כבוד צבור

Commentary of RaN (Rabbenu Nissim) ad loc.

ומיהו השתא דתקון רבנן שיברכו כולם אשה וקטן קורין אפילו ראשון ואחרון וכיון דקורין ודאי מברכין

Shulhan Arukh, Orah Hayyim 282:3

הכל עולים למנין שבעה, אפילו אשה וקטן שיודע למי מברכין

אבל אמרו חכמים: אשה לא תקרא בצבור מפני כבוד הצבור

Sperber, D. (2003). Congregational Dignity and Human Dignity: Women and Public Torah Reading. The Edah Journal, 3(2).

Frimer, A. & Frimer, D. (2013). A SPECIAL SUPPLEMENT: Women, Keri’at ha-Torah, and Aliyyot. Tradition, 46(4).

Henkin, Y. H. (2001). Qeri'at Ha-Torah by Women: Where We Stand Today. The Edah Journal, 1(2); Tradition, 47(3) [subscribers only].

Interview with Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis, JC, September 2014.


Endorsement from the Rabbinical Council of the United Synagogue

The position outlined above by Rabbi Dr Harvey Belovski regarding Partnership Services is unanimously supported by the Rabbinical Council of the United Synagogue.

Rabbi Baruch Davis

Chair, Rabbinical Council of the United Synagogue

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/821214 2015-03-08T23:48:49Z 2015-03-09T16:49:56Z Are there British Values? A Religious Perspective A Chaplaincy Public Lecture

Nottingham University, 03/03/15

The following is a version of the talk I gave as part of a recent major interfaith event at the University of Nottingham - see here for event details.

My name is Harvey Belovski.  I'm the senior rabbi of Golders Green Synagogue in London and the senior rabbi of University Jewish Chaplaincy which places Jewish chaplains on campuses all over the UK. I'm also the principal of a faith-based free school and an interfaith activist. 

I’d like to thank the organisers, particularly Canon John Bentham and his team for arranging this important event.  It’s delightful to have a chance to share a discussion about British values and their complex relationship with religion.  It’s wonderful to actually meet Canon Bentham and Professor Canon Oliver and to work together again with my good friend Shaykh Mogra.   The shaykh and I travelled here together this evening and you can feel reassured that we've now set the world to rights.

On that theme you may have heard that a rabbi, an imam and a canon walked into a university together.  The receptionist looked up in surprise and said 'what's this, some kind of joke?'

I am a British Jew or a Jewish Brit, I'm never quite sure which or if there's really any difference.  My wife and I have enjoyed the incredible privilege of living in what is called in Hebrew a 'malchut shel chessed' - a benevolent, tolerant and wonderful country.  We have benefitted from the very best of British education, cultural experiences and complete equality in the law, opportunities that for most of history for Jews and other minorities were an impossible dream.  All this while living a full and rich Jewish life, dressing as Jews and educating our children in the ways of our ancestors.  The UK has always been and continues to be an absolutely marvellous place for a Jew to live.  I am a proud, happy and profoundly grateful subject of Her Majesty.

But with those incredible opportunities come weighty responsibilities, ones that orthodox Jewish leaders take really seriously because they lie at the very heart of Judaism itself.  To be a Jew is to share responsibility for the building of society and to partner with those of other faiths and none to create a tolerant, respectful, safe and functional Britain.

Of course, like every topic, no-one can quite agree about what distinguishes British values from say French or Portuguese values.  Look around on the internet and you find lots of references to  British fish and chips (which I love) and to silly stories about Muslims and Jews standing in orderly post-office queues discussing the weather in Norfolk (which I don't).

Actually, the first people to think about these themes lived long ago, when Jews first experienced exile from their homeland and needed to grapple with the prospect of minority-hood.

The prophet Jeremiah, who lived at the end of the first Jewish commonwealth in the Holy Land, and faced the prospect of exile, encourages us to seek the peace and prosperity of whichever country we will live in.  He points out that we Jews can only prosper if our host nation, its values and aspirations are successful and functional for all people.  And we do not sit on the side-lines - we must be at the forefront of making that success possible.  These ideas have been repeatedly emphasised throughout Jewish history by thinkers, philosophers and law-makers.

In the first century CE, Rabbi Chanina insisted that we pray for the welfare of the country in which we live for ‘if it were not for government, people would eat each other alive’.   Remember that this was said about 1500 years before Thomas Hobbes noted that a society without stable governance would deliver lives that are ‘solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short’. 

On this theme, Jewish liturgy includes a prayer for the queen, the government and the armed forces.  In fact, all British synagogue recite a version of this prayer every Sabbath and festival.  It may seem like an anachronism, but it encourages us to remain focused on peace, order and stability for all.

This is my first perceived British value – loyalty to and love of the country and respect for its authorities.  Critically, this has nothing to do with whether we agree with current policies or our own political affinities.  It, well, just is - a basic feature of Jewish life.  And together with this are the importance of teaching and understanding British culture, national history and developing sensitivity towards its norms and expectations.  Of course, you won't catch me eating a black pudding or putting a Christmas tree in my house, but I want my children to know about the lives and loves of others as mature, contributing citizens.  And right now, I'm helping my children's high school to develop a high-level programme to do this really well.

My next, related, British values are respect for law and knowledge of right from wrong.  By the year 200 CE, a Rabbi Shmuel was on the scene, advocating the core legal construct ‘dina demalchuta dina’ – the law of the land is the law, a principle that has been enshrined in Jewish law and practice ever since.  And to teach right from wrong, we needed a compulsory school system.  In fact, the first in the world was invented in the first century in a Jewish town called Yavneh.  Indispensable features of that Jewish education include respect for law and order, honesty in business dealings, and, most crucially, a recognition that every human being is equal before the law - in, as we might say, in the eyes of God and Man.  This last point can't be overemphasised - it starts right back in Genesis 1:27 with the phrase - betzelem Elohim bara otam (God created every human being in His image).  This notion has been repeatedly overlooked throughout history, yet it underpins everything we believe, and most importantly, how we conduct ourselves in relation to those whose beliefs we don't share.  Everyone, without exception contains the divine spark - and while I suspect the average Brit on the street wouldn't put it in quite that way, tolerance, mutual respect and fair play for all, all central British values flow from that basic, universalist biblical principle.

This may all sound very positive and most of the time it is, but we also subscribe to taking the rough with the smooth.  Over 20,000 Jews fought for the British in World War I and over 30,000 in World War II, many losing their lives to defend king and country.  My late father-in-law did his national service in the Army teaching literacy and numeracy to recruits.  My own father, he should live and be well, performed his in the 50s - as a radio operator in the RAF at Bridlington in Yorkshire, of all places.  He's never been able to explain to me why he couldn't have been posted somewhere warmer like the Caribbean!  See, I'm back to the weather again. Of course, we hope and pray that none of this will be needed again, but Jewish law and ethics require us to stick with our host country through thick and thin.

Thinking along those lines, you may know the story about a little boy who came to the synagogue on Saturday morning of remembrance week and saw a Union Jack on display.  He was bored rigid by the rabbi’s speech so he asked his mother why the flag was there.  She eventually said to him, ‘shush, it's for those who died in the service’.  He looked her aghast and asked whether this was on a Friday night or Saturday morning!

Continuing this theme, a quick brainstorming in the Belovski household produced another core British value - having sense of humour, especially not taking ourselves too seriously.  It takes a lot of confidence to do this, but it's a really British 'thing' to be able to poke gentle fun at oneself and one's national characteristics.  I am reminded of the occasion when a Frenchman, a German and a Jew were crossing a desert together.  As the temperature rose, the Frenchman said, ‘I’m ever so thirsty; I must have wine.’  The German said, ‘I’m ever so thirsty; I must have beer’.  The Jew said, ‘I’m ever so thirsty; I must have diabetes’.

Maybe the Jewish experience has been unique, but while we have many faults, we're quite good at poking fun at our national characteristics!  In fact, we were there before the British...  We have much to learn from other cultures and faith groups, but this is one that others might learn from us.

And speaking of this, what happens when our religious beliefs or practices clash with British values? Jewish sources are clear here - we can advocate for ourselves using only legitimate political means – i.e. within the system.  But at root, the ’t’ word – tolerance - is so enshrined in the British psyche that, with God's help, religious liberties for Jews and other minorities will continue to flourish.

And finally, a tough one to articulate and here I put myself out on a limb.  There are many reasons why religious and other minorities have succeeded in the UK and other Western countries, notwithstanding the occasional difficulties that will always arise.  That is, why members of minorities can wear their own clothes, build their own places of worship and are able to believe, pray and practice as they choose.  In previous centuries, and in many other places around the globe, when societies were more religious, they were also more closed-minded and intolerant.  I believe that the western liberal democracy of which the UK was one of the first and remains one of the best, is the reason.  Judaism, Islam, Catholicism - in fact all non-establishment religions - have flourished side by side because of the freedoms of the west.  And at the heart of those freedoms is free speech, the freedom to criticise, not necessarily the obligation, but the right to probe, expose, reject, disagree and, yes, sometimes offend.  I see hurtful, and often untrue things about Judaism, Jews and Israel, and I know that my colleagues from other faiths feel the same about the way their own faiths are portrayed.  But I will defend with great vigour the authors of those ideas and their right to express their views within the law, even when they deeply upset or even offend me.  This is my last, and arguably most important British value that I validate and embrace as a senior British Jewish, or is it Jewish British, leader.  Thank you.

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/817962 2015-03-03T06:50:46Z 2015-03-03T06:50:46Z Purim 5775 Golders Green Synagogue Megillah Readings

Following Ma'ariv at 6.15pm (approx. 6.25pm) - GGS

11.00pm - Belovski Home

Following Shacharit at 6.45am (approx 7.20am) - GGS

10.00am - Beckman Home

3.00pm - JLE

Full details here

All welcome

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/794251 2015-01-10T20:31:45Z 2015-01-10T20:31:45Z Belovski on New Directions Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/793002 2015-01-08T05:50:21Z 2015-01-08T05:50:21Z Belovski at AJOP in Baltimore Sunday 18th - Monday 19th January 2015

Topic to be announced; click here for speaker list.

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/793000 2015-01-08T05:38:28Z 2015-01-08T05:38:28Z Belovski at Torah in Motion, Toronto Motzoey Shabbat 1th January 2015

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/792998 2015-01-08T05:36:28Z 2015-01-08T05:36:29Z Belovski at BAYT, Toronto Shabbat 16th - 17th January 2015

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/791771 2015-01-06T08:35:27Z 2015-01-06T08:35:28Z Belovski on Wiping the Slate Clean Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show (Sara Cox sitting in)


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/791770 2015-01-06T08:33:35Z 2015-01-06T08:33:35Z Belovski on Christmas Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show (Sara Cox sitting in)


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/761825 2014-10-29T13:44:08Z 2014-10-29T13:44:09Z Belovski on Music and Healing Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show (Sara Cox standing in)


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/749432 2014-10-01T11:56:27Z 2014-10-01T11:56:27Z Belovski on Atonement Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/745572 2014-09-23T13:42:40Z 2014-09-28T20:58:15Z Belovski on Treasured Possessions Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/742702 2014-09-17T18:56:56Z 2014-09-17T18:56:56Z Belovski on Momentous Decisions Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/739213 2014-09-10T13:40:33Z 2014-09-17T05:31:22Z Belovski on Inspirations from Literature Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/728406 2014-09-05T05:45:35Z 2014-09-05T05:46:46Z Summer Reading 2014 A number of people have expressed interest in what I've been reading during the summer break.  Here is a list in no particular order:

Nancy Kline, Time to Think: Listening to Ignite the Human Mind

Jonathan Beckman, How to Ruin a Queen: Marie Antoinette, the Stolen Diamonds and the Scandal that Shook the French Throne

Adin Steinsaltz, My Rebbe

Alison Hardingham et al, The Coach's Coach: Personal Development for Personal Developers

Dennis Prager & Joseph Telushkin, Why the Jews? The Reason for Antisemitism

Robert Galbraith, The Silkworm

Roman Krznaric, Empathy: A Handbook for Revolution

Hayyim Angel, Peshat isn't so Simple

Finis Leavell Beauchamp, The Terrible Beauty of the Evil Man

Joseph Telushikin, Rebbe: The Life and Teachings of Menachem M. Schneerson, the Most Influential Rabbi in Modern History

Donna Tartt, The Goldfinch

Steven Pinker, The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/725632 2014-08-10T21:20:13Z 2014-08-10T22:06:55Z Isaiah's Comfort and Today's Prophets: a Message of Hope Sermon Notes 09/08/13 - VaEtchanan & Nachamu 5774

The palpable sense of relief that generally follows Tisha B’Av is absent this year.  I usually feel that having spent three weeks contemplating the destruction of the Temple and other horrors of Jewish history, I’ve met my obligation and can leave Tisha B’Av refreshed, ready for the summer holidays and with one eye already on Rosh HaShanah.  This year, however, given the recent conflict in Israel and the shocking increase in anti-Semitism in Europe, the air is heavy, laden with uncertainty and ambivalence – almost guilt – at having moved back to normal life post-Tisha B’Av.  It feels to me that the notoriously flimsy boundary between valid criticism and naked anti-Semitism is in danger of collapse.

This past week, the spectre of divestment from Israel again raised its head.  I suspect that for many it will be the anti-Israel instrument of choice for in the months ahead, in preference to the rather more demanding option of reasoned discussion.  Those it affects most are our students on campus, who often find themselves on the front line of anti-Israel hostility. Even if their convictions are strong, their Israel experience is characterised by the constant need to justify and defend.  The opportunity that I had as a student to create what Ambassador Daniel Taub once described to me as ‘my Israel’ narrative – the space that allowed me to consider what Israel meant to me, what I aspired for it to be and what my role might be in attaining that – is commonly denied our students, who are constantly on the back foot.

It is in that vein that we turn to today’s haftarah, the first of the so-called ‘seven of comfort’ read between Tisha B’Av and Rosh HaShanah, selected from the 40th chapter of Isaiah.  It starts with the famous line:

נחמו נחמו עמי יאמר אלקיכם

Comfort, comfort My people, says your God. (Isaiah 40:1)

To whom is God is addressing His words – who should comfort My people?  The Aramaic Targum offers the obvious answer – God is speaking through Isaiah to His prophets:

נבייא אתנביאו תנחומין על עמי

My prophets! Prophesy comfort to My people. (Targum Onkelos ad loc.)

This reading (also favoured by Rashi) does not address the repetition of the word נחמו – comfort, something that can only be understood properly with reference to the next verse:

 דברו על לב ירושלם... כי מלאה צבאה כי נרצה עונה כי לקחה מיד ידוד כפלים בכל חטאתיה

Speak to the heart of Jerusalem... her time of estrangement has been fulfilled and her transgression has been forgiven, for she has been doubly punished by God for all her sins. (Isaiah 40:2)

It seems that the Jewish people require a double measure of comfort because their punishment has been doubled, a view validated by midrashic sources (e.g. Midrash Tanchuma Devarim 1).

Whatever the intention of the verses, we are only too familiar with this ‘double punishment’ – the media distortions, the obvious double standards of Israel’s detractors (where are the mass demonstrations against daily massacres in Syria and exterminations in Iraq?) and the frequent uncritical adoption of a single version of a war narrative, when, as always, there are multiple perspectives.

If we are subject to ‘double punishment’, we need double comfort, as God demanded from our prophets.  They must replace pain with comfort, negativity with positivity and despair with hope.

But today there are no prophets and so the call of Isaiah must go out to their modern-day substitutes – the leaders of our communities.  That call is not restricted to rabbis or other formal leaders, but it goes out to everyone engaged in Jewish life who is able to do something.  All of us can write a letter to an MP or minister, respond to a blog-post, speak out sensibly against all bias and bigotry, attend an event, support communal efforts to counteract the negativity and inspire others to do likewise.

An unfathomable aspect of the current situation is the unwillingness of many free-world leaders to articulate something obvious.  Many of those who violently attack and seek the ultimate elimination of the State of Israel, and especially their financial backers, harbour the same long-term intentions towards Christians and, indeed, the whole of Western society.  As much as we worry about events in Israel and Europe, we are not oblivious to the brutal, barbaric persecutions of Christians and Yazidis in Iraq.  I believe that Israel and the Jews are just first in line; in reality, the very fabric of our society is imperilled for all people, regardless of faith or creed.  Emphasising these threats is one way of focusing the attention of others.

Yet as well as highlighting these wrongs, we must double our message of hope and comfort.  If the pain is doubled, the message of hope must be doubly powerful.

The importance of articulating the message is highlighted by Isaiah a few verses further into his prophecy:

על הר גבה עלי לך מבשרת ציון הרימי בכח קולך מבשרת ירושלם הרימי אל תיראי

Ascend a high mountain, herald of Zion.  Raise your voice powerfully, herald of Jerusalem.  Raise it, do not be afraid... (Isaiah 40:9)

 We have to carry our message of hope to high places and speak it where it can be heard.  We should never underestimate the impact we can have, nor where we have friends – sometimes critical friends – but friends nonetheless.  They are everywhere, members of every religious groups – Christians, Muslims, Hindus and Buddhists – and of none.  They exist at the workplace, among journalists and at universities.  We must redouble our efforts to build friendly, functional relationships with them, even when we disagree about Israel, or, indeed, anything else.

This is one message of hope.  The other is that that our voice, even if it small, cannot and will not be silenced.

נחמו נחמו עמי יאמר אלקיכם

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/724254 2014-08-07T21:00:33Z 2014-08-07T21:00:33Z Belovski on Events that Changed the World Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show (Penny Smith standing in)


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/720751 2014-07-30T16:21:47Z 2014-07-30T16:21:47Z Belovski on Making Amends Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/717622 2014-07-23T16:10:29Z 2014-07-23T16:10:29Z Belovski on the Commonwealth Games BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/715952 2014-07-19T22:52:47Z 2014-07-19T22:52:47Z Belovski on the Wise Things Children Say BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/699043 2014-06-02T15:40:30Z 2014-07-31T05:37:11Z Belovski on Bravery BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/694128 2014-05-21T09:52:11Z 2014-05-21T10:11:48Z Belovski on Marriage BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/687748 2014-05-07T13:11:40Z 2014-05-07T13:11:40Z Belovski on Freedom BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/684534 2014-04-30T15:08:38Z 2014-04-30T15:08:38Z Belovski on Lessons Learned from Life BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/680929 2014-04-23T13:23:04Z 2014-04-23T13:23:04Z Belovski on Courage BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show


Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/656810 2014-02-21T08:29:25Z 2014-02-21T08:29:26Z Belovski on Looking in the Mirror BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show20/02/14

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/654470 2014-02-14T06:53:37Z 2014-02-14T10:40:19Z Dayan Gershon Lopian Obituary for Dayan Gershon Lopian זצ"ל

A prominent halachic expert, rabbinic mentor and empathetic spiritual leader with international influence, Dayan Gershon Lopian was rabbi, then emeritus rabbi, of the Edgware Yeshurun Synagogue.

Gershon Lopian, scion of a distinguished rabbinical family, was born in Portsmouth in 1938, the first child of Rabbi Leib and Tzippa (née Levy).  Rabbi Leib, a founding member of Gateshead Kolel (Institute for Higher Rabbinical Studies), was subsequently co-head of Gateshead Yeshiva.  His paternal grandfather Rabbi Eliyahu was a major figure in the ‘Musar’ (ethical discipline) movement, known for his incisive teachings and exceptional piety.

Rabbi Lopian studied first at Gateshead Yeshiva, then in Israel under his grandfather in Kfar Chassidim and at Chevron Yeshiva in Jerusalem, receiving semichah (ordination) from Rabbis Shlomo Zalman Auerbach, Ovadiah Yosef and others.  He pursued advanced studies at Sunderland Kolel, where he was learning when he married Judy Saberski in 1964.  He also trained in practical rabbinics with the renowned halachic decisor Rabbi Henoch Padwa, whom he visited in London for extended periods.  While in Sunderland, Rabbi Lopian officiated at a local Shul on festivals, supervised the mikveh and butcher’s shop, and delivered shiurim.

In 1974, on a trip to the USA, Rabbi Lopian was introduced to the world’s foremost halachist, Rabbi Moshe Feinstein.  He subsequently studied intensely for several months under the tutelage of Rabbi Feinstein, who conferred upon him an advanced semichah, allowing him to deliver complex rulings in a broad range of halachic fields.

In 1976, Rabbi Lopian was elected rabbi of the Federation’s Edgware Yeshurun Synagogue, a position he occupied with distinction until his appointment as emeritus rabbi at his retirement in 2006.  For a period in the ‘80s, he also served as a judge on the Beth Din of the Federation of Synagogues; this appointment dubbed him ‘the Dayan’, a title by which he was affectionately known for the rest of his life.

The Dayan was known as an attentive and capable rabbi: compassionate pastor, expert educator and effective champion of greater halachic observance. His tenure at Yeshurun coincided with a tremendous development of the Edgware Orthodox community: an increase of Shuls and opportunities for Torah study; the construction of a mikveh in which he was a driving force; the influx of observant families and newly religious to the area and the consequent proliferation of Jewish shops and other facilities.  This transformation is in large part attributable to the efforts of the Lopians, who gradually emerged as the senior Orthodox leaders in Edgware.

The Dayan's growing role as an halachic decisor of national and, ultimately, international significance reflected a unique confluence of outstanding scholarship, absolute conviction in the benevolent universality of the halachic system, a loathing for superficiality - what he called 'sartorial Judaism', a genuine love of people and a legendary sense of humour.  He was renowned for an ability to identify intensely with an individual's circumstances and challenges, sometimes even crying with strangers who had unburdened themselves.

The Dayan's decision-making technique was bravely anthropocentric, although his reputation for blanket leniency is an oversimplification.  He would actually start from the needs and context of the inquirer and move outwards to find a bespoke, yet irrefutably authentic, halachic response.  He fielded questions from all over the world, especially in the areas of Jewish family law and the challenges of the newly religious.  With a reputation for accessibility, he learned all day in a tiny study, constantly interrupted by calls, which he answered himself.  He taught hundreds of bridegrooms and was the advisor to many organisations, especially the transformational ‘Family Week’ programme, through which he and Rebbetzin Judy became long-term friends and mentors to numerous families.

The Dayan was also friend, guru and counsellor to scores of rabbis, many of whom he trained in practical rabbinics and halachic methodology.  A true 'rabbi's rabbi', he rejected rabbinic dependence, encouraging his students to make their own halachic and counselling decisions.  Enormously influential in the current rabbinate, his students lead communities across the globe.

In recent years, Dayan Lopian suffered from a number of debilitating complaints which he bore with fortitude, supported tirelessly by the rebbetzin.  Yet his increasing immobility scarcely impacted on his communal engagements and despite his obvious pain, he continued to attend events and teach shiurim, the last of which was delivered less than 24 hours before his unexpected passing.

He is survived by Rebbetzin Judy - his partner in every aspect of his communal work, two sons, three daughters, grandchildren, a great-grandchild and seven siblings.

Harvey Belovski is rabbi of Golders Green Synagogue and a long-standing student of Dayan Gershon Lopian

A version of this obituary first appeared in the Jewish Chronicle

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski
tag:www.rabbibelovski.co.uk,2013:Post/653990 2014-02-13T15:43:23Z 2014-02-21T08:28:07Z Belovski on Love BBC Radio 2 Vanessa Feltz Show13/02/14

Rabbi Dr. Harvey Belovski