Torah as Poetry: Yom Kippur and the Song of the Soul
One of my favourite verses appears in this parashah:
And now – write this poem for yourselves and teach it to the Children of Israel: place it in their mouths, so that this poem will be for Me as testimony for the Children of Israel. (Devarim 31:19)
What is this 'poem'? In context, it is clearly a reference to the epic song of Ha’azinu, which begins a few verses later. In powerful biblical poetry, Ha’azinu offers a sweeping view of Jewish history, how God will always stand with us despite our many failures and a glimpse of the magnificent future that awaits us and our Land – it encapsulates the whole of Jewish reality and its aspirations. In some Sefardi communities, children would be taught to memorise Ha’azinu, so that it will always be ‘placed in their mouths’.
Yet the rabbis also derive from this verse the last (613th) mitzvah of the Torah – to write a complete Sefer Torah (see Rambam Laws of Sefer Torah 7:1). But if the Torah means to instruct us to write the Torah, why not say so explicitly?
I believe that the answer lies in a simple but powerful equation, that of the Torah with poetry – ‘this poem’ is the Torah, for the Torah is the song of the Jewish people. It is not merely a code of law, nor even the record of the transformation of a remarkable family into an extraordinary people, but the song of our nation.
The words of one of the greatest Jewish poets come to mind. Yearning for the Holy Temple, Rabbi Yehudah HaLevi sings:
I am a harp for your songs… (Kinnot: Tzion, HaLo Tishali)
As Yom Kippur approaches, it’s time to reconsider the way we think of our relationship with the Torah itself, the lifeblood of our people. Does it make us sing? Does it make every fibre of our being reverberate with spirituality and yearning for a more godly world? If the answer is not yet, then make this Yom Kippur the perfect time for the Torah to play the sweet music of our souls.