Sermon Notes 20/07/13 - VaEtchanan and Tu B'Av
With Tisha B'Av behind us and a delightful cluster of weddings this year, today affords an opportunity to discuss a little-known day in the Jewish calendar: Tu B'Av, the 15th of Av.
Said Rabban Shimon Ben Gamliel: there were no festive days for Israel like 15th Av or like Yom Kippur, on which the daughters of Jerusalem went out dressed in white and danced in the vineyards. What did they exclaim? Young man, please direct your eyes this way and decide what to choose for yourself. (Mishnah Ta'anit 4:8, paraphrased)
It is remarkable that the Mishnah places Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the year and Tu B’Av, a day completely forgotten until modern times, side by side. And equally remarkable is the unexpected dedication of Yom Kippur, a fast day usually associated with introspection and abstention, to matchmaking.
Yet putting each of these days into its original historical context will explain their connection and unexpected focus. Yom Kippur is of course, the anniversary of the day on which God finally forgave the Israelites for making the golden calf, hence its selection as the annual day of national atonement. But the origins of Tu B'Av are more obscure. The Talmud (Ta'anit 30b) offers a number of possibilities, one of which is that it was the day on which those condemned to die in the desert 'stopped dying'. Rashi (ad loc.) cites a midrash which explains that each year on the evening of Tisha BAv, the anniversary of the fiasco of the spies, some of those doomed to die in the desert would lie down to die. But on Tisha B'Av of the 40th year, no-one died. Assuming that they had miscalculated the date, they tried again the next night, and the next, but again, no-one died. Finally, when they saw the full moon on 15th of the month, they knew that the decree had expired and all those remaining could now enter the land.
So both Yom Kippur and Tu B'Av are days of affirmation - festivals of survival. Either the sin of the calf or the debacle of the spies could have ended the Jewish people there and then, yet we survived and thrived. In that sense, Yom Kippur and Tu B'Av are, indeed, the greatest moments of the Jewish year.
And when we affirm our survival, sometimes against all the odds, how do we celebrate? By creating opportunities for singles to meet, to create loving, happy relationships and build new families. We refute the prospect of our demise by making shidduchim.
In our community and across the Jewish world, it has never be more difficult for singles of all ages to meet each other. Many live increasingly busy, atomised lives and create complex personal realities that are difficult to match with others. Yet most would dearly love to meet someone with whom to share their lives and despite all their professional and personal accomplishments, cannot.
There are many events in the Jewish community designed to bring people of all types together - dinners, trips and classes as well as agencies and individuals geared to this purpose. Some are well established, others, like the shidduch.im initiative, are new. (Don't assume that matchmaking is only for the very observant - singles from across the spectrum can benefit from a sensitive introduction). All deserve our support and encouragement, and with God's help will facilitate many matches.
But I remain convinced that the best way for singles to meet is round your table, at your social event, through your introduction. By which I mean that everyone in the community ought to be creating opportunities and comfortable spaces in which those who would so like to meet a life-partner can get together. It's the responsibility of all of us, one that represents the greatest and most powerful affirmation of the Jewish future and our way to ensure that everyone has a chance to dance in the vineyard.